Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic and known since ancient times as Hellas, is a country located in Southern Europe. Athens is the nation’s capital and largest city. Greece consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands(including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the11th longest coastline in the world, featuring a vast number of islands, 1.200 to 6.000 of which 227 are inhabited.
Greece is a democratic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life and a very high standard of living. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the 10th member to join the European Communities (precursor to theEuropean Union) and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001. It is also a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, NATO,OECD, OSCE, Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie and the WTO. Greece, is also one of the world’s largest shipping powers and top tourist destinations.
Climate of Greece:
The climate of Greece is primarily Mediterranean, featuring mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers.